How to split my Pytorch model to different gpu?

Hello guys!

Can anyone tell me how can I split my model to different gpu? Say my model has one encoder and one decoder ,and I want to put them in different gpu because each of them is too big to fit in one gpu.

I have noticed that there are two ways to do so: for fast training,but the code there seems not doable. Shouldn’t it be


I am so confused.

2.sharded training: in the newest Pytorch-lightning, it says we can do Sharded training, but it turn out that it will cousume more memory.

If anyone can help me, I will be very grateful.

here is a example code:

import os
import torch
from torch import nn
import torch.nn.functional as F
from torchvision import transforms
from torchvision.datasets import MNIST
from import DataLoader, random_split
import pytorch_lightning as pl
import os
from pytorch_lightning import Trainer

class LitAutoEncoder(pl.LightningModule):

    def __init__(self):
        self.encoder = nn.Sequential(
            nn.Linear(28*28, 64),
            nn.Linear(64, 3)
        self.decoder = nn.Sequential(
            nn.Linear(3, 64),
            nn.Linear(64, 28*28)

    def forward(self, x):
        # in lightning, forward defines the prediction/inference actions
        embedding = self.encoder(x)
        return embedding

    def training_step(self, batch, batch_idx):
        # training_step defined the train loop.
        # It is independent of forward
        x, y = batch
        x = x.view(x.size(0), -1)
        # self.encoder.cuda(0)
        # self.decoder.cuda(1)
        # x = x.cuda(0)

        z = self.encoder(x)
        x_hat = self.decoder(z)
        loss = F.mse_loss(x_hat, x)
        # Logging to TensorBoard by default
        self.log('train_loss', loss)
        return loss

    def configure_optimizers(self):
        optimizer = torch.optim.Adam(self.parameters(), lr=1e-3)
        return optimizer

dataset = MNIST(os.getcwd(), download=True, transform=transforms.ToTensor())
train_loader = DataLoader(dataset,num_workers=4,batch_size=128)

autoencoder = LitAutoEncoder()
gpus = 2
accelerator = 'ddp'
plugins = None

trainer = Trainer(max_epochs=1,gpus=gpus,accelerator=accelerator,plugins=plugins), train_loader)

Dear @ Hannibal046,

For 1, Currently, model parallelism is supported in Lightning but only for Sequential Model.
You could convert your encoder / decoder into one and use our Model Parallelism beta feature:

If you are working on multiple gpus, ddp_sharded can help too as it will shard gradients across gpus and reduce memory footprint.

For 2, did you use plugings=ddp_sharded. Could you share an image with memory peak with and without for your own model ?